WHAT IS FOOD SECURITY?
As defined by the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security, FOOD SECURITY is the condition in which all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.
FACTORS & EFFECTS
To determine the level of food security a region has, food security analysts look at three main factors:
Food must be available in sufficient quantities and on a consistent basis.
This considers stock and production in a given area and the capacity to bring in food from elsewhere, through trade or aid.
People must be able to regularly acquire adequate quantities of food, through purchase, home production, barter, gifts, borrowing or food aid.
Consumed food must have a positive nutritional impact on people.
This involved cooking, storage and hygienic practices, individuals health, water and sanitation, feeding and sharing practices within the household.
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A CHALLENGE FACING THE CONTINENT
According to the FAO's Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition, the prevalence of undernourishment in sub-Saharan Africa has risen from 20.8 to 22.7 percent between 2015 and 2016 and the number of people undernourished rose from 200 to 224 million. This number accounts for 25 percent of the 815 million people undernourished in the world in 2016.
Access to food is one of the continent's most concerning challenges. The proportion of the population that has experienced severe food insecurity because of their inability to access food has risen dramatically in sub-Saharan Africa. Adverse climatic conditions and conflict, often occurring concurrently, as well as a difficult global economic environment are key factors driving this increase in food insecurity.
Picture source: University of Pretoria
FOOD SECURITY & FOOD SAFETY:
Food safety and security intersect in many ways.